Queen of Quartz & John Robertson Hornburg
Nass Valley & BC’s Volcanic History
Nisga’a Memorial Lava Bed Provincial Park
Traveling some 70 km north of Terrace along Highway 113 leads the visitor to a unique provincial park: Nisga'a Memorial Lava Bed Provincial Park. Emerald green waters, serene waterfalls, lush forests, towering snow-capped mountains,
The Nass River valley area of BC is home to the Nisga’a Memorial Lava Bed Provincial Park and is believed to be the site of Canada’s most recent volcanic eruption and lava flow. The eruption occurred around 1700, destroying two villages of the Nisga’a people and killing about 2,000 people.
The eruption came from the Tseax Cone located east of Crater Creek, southeast of Gitlakdamix and 60 kilometres north of Terrace. The volcano sits in a valley near the Tseax River, about 20 kilometres south of the river’s junction with the Nass River. The Tseax Cone is one of the most accessible volcanic centres in the province.
The Nisga’a Memorial Lava Bed Provincial Park is about 179 square kilometres in size.